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The Chile Institute at the New Mexico State University breeds different varieties of hot peppers. Their aim is to create new varieties with different traits, such as colors and flavors; habanero peppers, which are milder in flavor than traditional peppers, are one example of a new variety. Many domesticated plants and animals have been cross-bred and hybridized to create new varieties that express different desirable traits. The Chile Pepper Institute is an international non-profit organization dedicated to preserving chile germplasm and researching chile pepper diseases..