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The pork industry has undergone tremendous change in recent years, moving from a network of many small independent producers to a small number of large confined animal feeding operations, or CAFOs. Over the last 30 years the number of small hog operations has decreased by 86 percent, and less than 3 percent of all hog farms produce more than half of all hogs. The CAFOS, also called ?factory farms,? raise concerns about animal welfare, water quality, and public health. It has also become a land-use issue in recent years, with communities fighting against the establishment of these hog finishing facilities. The controversy raises the question of when farming crosses the line and becomes factory production..
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Edwin Remsberg
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The pork industry has undergone tremendous change in recent years, moving from a network of many small independent producers to a small number of large confined animal feeding operations, or CAFOs.  Over the last 30 years the number of small hog operations has decreased by 86 percent, and less than 3 percent of all hog farms produce more than half of all hogs. The CAFOS, also called ?factory farms,? raise concerns about animal welfare, water quality, and public health.  It has also become a land-use issue in recent years, with communities fighting against the establishment of these hog finishing facilities.  The controversy raises the question of when farming crosses the line and becomes factory production..